Comprehension Strategy: Inferring
Lesson Inferring from the Cover, Illustrations and Text
- Before the lesson: Make a chart with two wide columns. Label the first column "Quote or Picture From Text" and the second column " Inference".
- Tell students that good readers make INFERENCES when they read. An inference is a new idea that happens when a reader thinks about something that is probably true about a story. A reader can decide what is probably true because of what it says or shows in the book and what he or she already knows from his/her own life.
- Use the book No, David! by David Shannon. Look at the cover of No, David! Tell students that you can INFER that the fish bowl is going to fall and spill. You can INFER that because the picture shows that the table is tipping, and from your own life you know that when this happens things usually spill. On the chart you made record "Picture - Table with fish bowl is tipping" under the first column. In the second column record "Fish bowl will fall and spill."
- Turn to the title page. Read the title No, David! and point to the picture of the woman with the hands on her hips. Ask students what they can INFER (remind them that inferences are things that are probably true) from the title and the picture. They may say the woman is David's mom or that the mom is mad. If they cannot make an inference, then model for them again. Record the info on the chart.
- Do the same for the following pages:
cookie jar page, Go to your room page, Not in the house page, and I love you page. These are the pages that would be easy for me to make inferences about. Use the pages that are easy for you and your students.
- Remind the students that good readers use the words and pictures, along with things from their own lives to think about what is probably true in story. These are called INFERENCES and they help us understand the story better.